Some of the nation’s first domestically manufactured home appliances–a refrigerator, washing machine and vacuum cleaner–have been added to the Mechanical Engineering Heritage list, which contains items that significantly contributed to the development of the field in Japan.
The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers announced Tuesday it had newly certified six single items or groups of items for the heritage list.
The refrigerator, washer and vacuum cleaner were grouped as the “Dawn of Japanese Home Electric Appliances.” Also added was the “Former Yokosuka Arsenal’s Steam Hammers.”
Certification of items for the heritage list began in 2007, and 61 single items or groups of items are currently listed.
The refrigerator in the group was manufactured by Shibaura Seisakusho, currently Toshiba Corp., in 1930. It is currently on display with the washing machine and vacuum cleaner, which were manufactured around the same time, at the Toshiba Science Museum in Kawasaki.
The steam hammers were imported from the Netherlands in 1865 and used for shipbuilding at the former Yokosuka Seitetsusho in Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, and other production facilities. The hammers can be seen at a museum in Yokosuka.
The other four newly certified single items or groups are the “Mechanical Car Parking System ‘Rotopark’” in Shinjuku, Tokyo; the “Okuma Non-round Plain Bearing and GPB Cylindrical Grinder” in Oguchi, Aichi Prefecture; “Japan’s First 16mm Film Projector” in Nagoya; and the “Japanese Automata ‘Yumihiki-doji’ (archer doll)” in Kurume, Fukuoka Prefecture.
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